Space, more than almost any other field we have come across, LOVES technical terms, acronyms, abbreviations, initialisms, code-names and, well, pins (but that’s another story).
So, we thought we would start making a list – we will try and add on new entry everyday and see when or if we ever stop!
AIAA – American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
BIS – British Interplanetary Society.
COPUOS – Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN)
DLR – Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aersopace Center)
ESA – European Space Agency
FAA – Federal Aviation Administration (They do Space too!)
FAI – Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the World Air Sports Federation, is the world governing body for air sports, aeronautics and astronautics world records.
GIS – Geographic Information System
HST – Hubble Space Telescope
ISRO – Indian Space Research Organisation
ISS – International Space Station
JAXA – Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
KARI – Korea Aerospace Research Institute
Kármán line – the boundary, at 100km above sea level, above which you are in Space, accepted by the FAI. Named after Theodore von Kármán (1881–1963), a Hungarian-American engineer and physicist.
LRO – Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
MRO – Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Administration
OCO – Oort Cloud Object
PI – Principal Investigator
Quasar – QUASi-stellAR radio source
ROSCOSMOS – Russian Federal Space Agency
SANSA – South African National Space Agency
SETI – Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (Aliens!)
TGF – Terrestrial gamma-ray flash, gamma rays emitted from Earth’s lightning storms
UNOOSA – United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
VEEGA – Venus-Earth-Earth Gravity Assist, the path taken by the Galileo spacecraft to reach Jupiter
WD – White Dwarf in Astronomy (celestial object)
XMM – X-ray Multi-Mirror, the XMM-Newton earth-orbiting X-ray-sensitive telescope
YSG – Yellow Super Giant star
ZHR – Zenith Hourly Rate, the maximum number of meteors per hour that may be observed during a meteor shower