TALKING SPACE – Our Space Dictionary

Space, more than almost any other field we have come across, LOVES technical terms, acronyms, abbreviations, initialisms, code-names and, well, pins (but that’s another story).

So, we thought we would start making a list – we will try and add on new entry everyday and see when or if we ever stop!


A: 

AIAA – American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.


B:

BIS – British Interplanetary Society.


C: 

COPUOS – Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN)


D:

DLR – Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aersopace Center)


E:

ESA – European Space Agency


F:

FAA – Federal Aviation Administration (They do Space too!)

FAI – Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, the World Air Sports Federation, is the world governing body for air sports, aeronautics and astronautics world records.


G:

GIS – Geographic Information System


H:

HST – Hubble Space Telescope


I:

ISRO – Indian Space Research Organisation

ISS – International Space Station


J:

JAXA – Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency


K:

KARI – Korea Aerospace Research Institute

Kármán line – the boundary, at 100km above sea level, above which you are in Space, accepted by the FAI. Named after Theodore von Kármán (1881–1963), a Hungarian-American engineer and physicist.


L:

LRO – Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter


M:

MRO – Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter


N:

NASA – National Aeronautics and Space Administration


O:

OCO – Oort Cloud Object


P:

PI – Principal Investigator


Q:

Quasar – QUASi-stellAR radio source


R:

ROSCOSMOS – Russian Federal Space Agency


S:

SANSA – South African National Space Agency

SETI – Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence (Aliens!)


T:

TGF – Terrestrial gamma-ray flash, gamma rays emitted from Earth’s lightning storms


U:

UNOOSA – United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs


V:

VEEGA – Venus-Earth-Earth Gravity Assist, the path taken by the Galileo spacecraft to reach Jupiter


W:

WD – White Dwarf in Astronomy (celestial object)


X:

XMM – X-ray Multi-Mirror, the XMM-Newton earth-orbiting X-ray-sensitive telescope


Y:

YSG – Yellow Super Giant star


Z:

ZHR – Zenith Hourly Rate, the maximum number of meteors per hour that may be observed during a meteor shower


 

 

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